ABOUT
Region: South-eastern Asia
Population: 31,187,265
Area: 330,800
GDP per capita, PPP: 27,683
(current international $)
Major Languages: Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai

Library Location Resources

No information available
LIBRARIES IN

Library system in Malaysia is centralized and highly developed especially in the urban areas.

There are many types of libraries comprising of the National Library of Malaysia, State Public Libraries, Academic Libraries, Special Libraries, Community Libraries and School Libraries.

  • National Library of Malaysia operates under the umbrella of the Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture. It is responsible for the overall development of libraries in Malaysia as well as facilitates nation-wide access to library resources available within the country and abroad.
  • State Public Libraries are managed by the State government and provide public library services to the community.
  • Academic Libraries are under Ministry of Education and they support research and educational activities in their respective organisations.
  • Government Special Libraries are under the National Library of Malaysia.
  • Private Special Libraries are under the respective organisations/companies. The main function of special libraries is to support the objectives of their parent organisations. 
  • Community Libraries are under the National Library of Malaysia and the State Public Libraries. They provide library services to the communities. 
  • School Libraries are under the Ministry of Education; they support learning and teaching in schools. 

Government libraries are financed by the Central and State Government through an annual budget whereas Private libraries are financed by their respective organisations.

National Library of Malaysia through The Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture is responsible for the development of policy and legislation concerning libraries in Malaysia. Among others, one of the strategic development priorities in Malaysia is to provide rural library in every Parliamentary Constitution and to bridge the digital and information divide.

The main objectives of the Librarians Association of Malaysia are to:

  • To provide independent professional view and advice on all matters related to development of libraries and information centres and the profession
  • To formulate legislation and work towards its adoption in the development of the libraries and the information profession and services.

The recent national achievement for the library profession in Malaysia is the hosting the 84th International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions World Library and Information Congress (IFLA WLIC) in Kuala Lumpur from the 24th to 30th August 2018.



SDG STORIES: Stories Available
PERFORMANCE METRICS

SELECT METRIC VIEW

Totals Per 1M People*

Number of Libraries

Total Libraries with Internet Access

Total Staff

Volunteers

Registered Users

Total Visits

Total Physical Loans

Total Electronic Loans
CONTEXTUAL INDICATORS
Population and Geography
29 94.9
Median Age Population Density
people per sq km
Information and Infrastructure
78.8% 3.3%
Internet UsersInternet Gender Gap
Poverty and Employment
No Data Available 3.4%
Poverty Rate
2011 PPP
Unemployment
% of labor force
Education and Literacy
No Data Available 4.8%
Adult Literacy Rate
% of people age 15+
Education Spending
% of GDP
Innovation and Skills
33.6% 1.3%
ICT Skills:
Transfering Files
Research Spending
% of GDP
Organisations
National Library Associations
National Library
Policy Making Institutions
Library Support Organisations
Policy & Legislation
National Policy for Libraries
Library Law
Legal Deposit Law
Copyright Law
Library Exceptions & Limitations
Education & Events
Professional Qualification Requirements
Education
Professional Publications
Professional Events
PERFORMANCE METRICS
Learn more about the performance metrics
SELECT METRIC VIEW
Totals Per 1 M People
LEGEND
N/A' Not Applicable '-' No Data '0' Zero
Total National Academic Public Community School Other

Total Libraries

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-
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-

Libraries with Internet Access

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-
-
-
-
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Full-Time Staff

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-
-
-
-
-
-

Volunteers

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-
-
-
-
-
-

Registered User

-
-
-
-
-
-
-

Physical Visits

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-
-
-
-
-
-

Physical Loans

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-
-
-
-
-
-

Electronic Loans

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-
-
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-
CONTEXTUAL INDICATORS
Learn more about the contextual indicators
LEGEND
N/A' Not Applicable '-' No Data '0' Zero
Population Malaysia Region World
Population Density
people per sq km
94.9
2016
94.3
2016
57.4
2016
Urban Population (World Bank) 75.4%
2016
57.5%
2016
54.3%
2016
Median Age (CIA) 29
2017
-
30
2017
Age Dependency Ratio, Youth (World Bank)
% of working age people
35%
2017
28.4%
2017
39.7%
2017
Age Dependency Ratio, Elderly (ITU World Telecoms Database)
% of working age people
9.1%
2017
15%
2017
13.3%
2017
Information Infrastructure Malaysia Region World
Internet Users (ITU World Telecoms Database)
% of population
78.8%
2016
-
-
Broadband Cost (ITU World Telecoms Database)
in USD
$9.7
2016
$20.5
2016
$20.1
2016
Phone Subscription Cost (ITU World Telecoms Database)
in USD
$5.8
2016
$7.3
2016
$9.5
2016
Internet Gender Gap (ITU World Telecoms Database)
% of Men Internet Users - % of Women Internet Users
3.3%
2016
-
11.6%
2017
Access to Electricity (World Bank)
100%
2016
96.9%
2016
87.4%
2016
Economy, Poverty, and Employment Malaysia Region World
GDP per Capita (World Bank)
current international $
27,683
2016
17,021
2016
16,215
2016
Poverty Rate (World Bank)
at $1.90 a Day, 2011 PPP
-
3.6%
2013
10.9%
2013
Inequality Index
0 is perfect equality, 100 is the complete inequality
-
-
-
Unemployment (World Bank)
% of labor force
3.4%
2016
3.8%
2014
5.9%
2014
Inactive Youth (World Bank)
% of youth
11.7%
2016
-
-
Education and Literacy Malaysia Region World
Students per Teacher (World Bank)
Ratio
12
2016
17
2016
24
2016
Adult Literacy Rate (World Bank)
% of people age 15+
-
95.7%
2016
86.2%
2016
Education Spending (World Bank)
% of GDP
4.8%
2016
4.7%
2014
4.9%
2014
Innovation and Skills Malaysia Region World
Research Spending (World Bank)
% of GDP
1.3%
2015
2.5%
2015
2.2%
2015
ICT Skills: Programming (International Telecommunication Union)
% of Population
2.3%
2015
-
-
ICT Skills: Creating Presentations (International Telecommunication Union)
% of Population
12.5%
2015
-
-
ICT Skills: Finding, Downloading, Installing Software (International Telecommunication Union)
% of Population
28.1%
2015
-
-
ICT Skills: Transferring Files (International Telecommunication Union)
% of Population
33.6%
2015
-
-
ICT Skills: Sending Emails (International Telecommunication Union)
% of Population
38%
2015
-
-
ICT Skills: Using Copy/Paste (International Telecommunication Union)
% of Population
52.9%
2015
-
-
ICT Skills: Connect/Install Devices (International Telecommunication Union)
% of Population
20.7%
2015
-
-
ICT Skills: Using Math in Spreadsheets (International Telecommunication Union)
% of Population
17.3%
2015
-
-
Organisations

National Library Associations

Librarians Association of Malaysia (PPM) / Persatuan Pustakawan Malaysia (PPM)

Librarians Association of Malaysia or better known as Persatuan Pustakawan Malaysia (PPM) was established in 1955.  PPM is registered under the Societies Act 1966 and is governed by the Librarians Association  of Malaysia Constitution 1998. PPM is the only professional body for the library and information services in Malaysia and is an institutional member of IFLA since 1968. PPM have greatly contributed to the development of libraries in Malaysia. As at  2018, PPM has 2,382 registered members comprising of 7 Honorary Life Members, 56 Life Members, 1,560 Professional Members, 305 Student Members, 49 Institutional Members and 405 Affiliate Members

National Library

National Library of Malaysia (NLM) / Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)

The role of the national library is to make the national collection of library resources available for use to present and future generations, to facilitate nation wide access to library resources available within the country and abroad as well as to provide leadership pertaining to libraries in Malaysia.

Policy Making Institutions

Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture Malaysia (MOTAC) / Kementerian Pelancongan, Seni dan Budaya Malaysia (MOTAC)

The Ministry through the National Library of Malaysia is responsible for strengthening the arts, culture and heritage towards enhancing national unity as well as to develop knowledgeable skills, creative and innovative human capital.

Library Support Organisations

There are no library support organisations in Malaysia.

Policy & Legislation

National Policy for Libraries

National Policy on Library and Information Services 1994 / Dasar Negara Bagi Perpustakaan dan Perkhidmatan Maklumat 1994

The National Policy on Library and Information Services 1994 sets out broad guidelines for the systematic and planned development of libraries and information services in keeping with the needs of major sectoral areas as well as the needs of all sections of the communities whether in the urban or rural areas.  The scope of the policy is to cover the acquisition, organisation, management and dissemination of library materials and the information contained therein.

Policy on Malaysiana / Dasar Malaysiana

The aim of the policy is to ensure tracing, acquisition, documentation and preservation of Malaysiana Collection as a national intellectual heritage of Malaysia. It also aims to provide a Centre of Excellence for Malaysiana Collection in research, information services and publications pertaining to Malaysia.

Policy on Reading 2002 / Dasar Galakkan Membaca 2002

The overall goal of the policy is to ensure a well planned National Reading Programme and to inculcate reading habits through lifelong learning.

Policy on Malay Manuscripts 1992 / Dasar Manuskrip Melayu 1992

The aim of the policy is to collect, document and conserve the Malay manuscripts as the national heritage and to provide a national information centre for research services and to publish publications pertaining to Malay Manuscripts.

Library Law

National Library Act 1972 (Act 80) (incorporating all amendments up to 1st January 2006) / Akta Perpustakaan Negara 1972 (Akta 80) ( Mengandungi segala pindaan hingga 1 Januari 2006)

The Law, issued in 1972, covers all libraries and related organisations in Malaysia. It includes (a) Establishment and Management of National Library (b) Establishment of National Library Board (c) Establishment of National Library  Fund.

Legal Deposit Law

Deposit of Library Materials Act 1986 (Act 331) / Akta Penyerahan Bahan Perpustakaan 1986 (Akta 331)

According to this law, issued in 1996, the published (libraries, organisations, individual, agencies) of every printed and non-printed materials published in Malaysia must submit 5 printed copies and 2 copies of non-printed materials to the National Library as a national heritage.

Copyright Law & Library Exceptions and Limitations

Copyright Act 1987 (Act 332) / Akta Hakcipta 1987 (Akta 332)
Exceptions and limitations for libraries

Under the provision of the Copyright Act , Part II(General Provisions) , Section 9. Copyright in Published Edition of Works, Sub Section (5) :  The Government, the National Archives, or any State Archives, the National Library, or any State library, or any public libraries and educational, scientific or professional institutions as the Minister may by order prescribe, may reproduce the typographical arrangement of a published edition without infringing the copyright subsisting by virtue of this section if such reproduction is in the public interest and is compatible with fair dealing and the provisions of any regulations.

Education & Events

Professional Qualification Requirements

Public Services Commission of Malaysia requires formal professional qualification for librarian position as follows:  1) Bachelor of Library  and Information Studies, 2) Masters in Library  and Information Studies.

Education

There are four universities in Malaysia that provide LIS education:

  • Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) : Bachelor, Masters and PhD in Library and Information Studies
  • Univeristi Malaya (UM): Masters and PhD in Library and Information Studies
  • Univeristi Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia (IIUM) : Masters and PhD in Library and Information Studies
  • Universiti Islam Malaysia  (USIM) : Bachelor, Masters and PhD in Library and Information Studies

Professional Publications

Jurnal PPM : Journal of Malaysian Librarians

The journal, available in a printed version, is published annually by the Librarians Association of Malaysia / Persatuan Pustakawan Malaysia (PPM). The journal includes original articles on all aspects of libraries and information science and invites contribution from librarians, information scientists, educators, administrators, publishers and other interested persons. The publication is distributed free to all PPM's members.

PPM Newsletter / Berita PPM

PPM Newsletter is published online by the Librarians Association of Malaysia / Persatuan Pustakawan Malaysia (PPM) and it covers current news on PPM's activities/programme and related library news of other libraries and organisations.

Professional Events

Malaysia Librarian Day

It is celebrated on the 6th June each year by libraries  and librarians in Malaysia. The objective  of celebrating Librarian Day is to give recognition to the library profession and its contribution  to the library development in Malaysia.

Annual Conference of Libraries in Malaysia

Annual Conference of Libraries in Malaysia is held annually, usually in a month of March, and jointly organised by  National Library of Malaysia and the Librarians Association of Malaysia. It is two day Conference and is open to all librarians in Malaysia. Among the  objectives  of the conference are as a platform for discussion pertaining to reading habits among Malaysia and to enhance the role of the library to achieve the National Reading Decade 2030. The conference comprises of  Keynote Address, Plenary Sessions and Lightning Talks.

Conference of Universities and National Library of Malaysia (PERPUN)

Conference of Universities and National Library of Malaysia  (PERPUN) is held twice a year  and the chairman is the  Director General of the National Library of Malaysia. The members of  PERPUN consists of  Chief Librarians from  20  government public universities, 5 government link company universities and the National Library. The objectives of PERPUN is to discuss various issues of common interest and also to establish electronic library network between university libraries, current information services, subscription of databases and publications document delivery services.